Please continue on visiting our site daily!
 

This lesson is a continuation of the previous lesson about adjectives. There are two types of adjectives in Japanese. Lesson 14 deals with 'i' adjectives. 'I' adjectives are also called 'true' adjectives. This lesson will introduce the 'na' adjectives. Na adjectives are not considered adjectives in Japanese (although in English they are in fact adjectives). This is because they are formed from nouns. 'I' adjectives have an extra 'i' at the end which can be used to modify their form. Na adjectives usually do not have the 'i' ending and must be followed by na if they come in front of a noun.

Examples:

shizuka (na)
suteki (na)
genki (na)
kantan (na)
kirei (na)
hen (na)

 

quiet
cool/nice
healthy/energetic
easy/brief/simple
clean/pretty
strange


Notice that suteki and genki both end in i. Recall, however, that in Japanese ki is one character when written. Thus these two words fail the test of having a single extra i that i adjectives require. Note however that kirei DOES have an extra i at the end. This is one of those exceptions to the usuallyrule. Be careful when memorizing these types of adjectives.

The " noun wa adjective desu :=: noun is adjective" pattern still holds true for na adjectives.
 

Examples:

Kanojo wa shizuka desu.


She's quiet.
Neko wa genki desu ne. The cat is energetic isn't it?
Kono hon wa kantan desu. This book is simple.

Na adjectives differ from i adjectives when they come before a noun. In this case they require na to be added to the end of the word.

Examples:

hen na hon

 

strange book

kirei na uchi clean house
suteki na enpitsu cool pencil


Now let's try a few example sentences.


Examples
:

Kono hen na neko wa kare no desu ka.




Is this strange cat his?
Kono kantan na hon wa suteki desu ne. This simple book is nice isn't it?

A note about the words kare and kanojo: Although they are the words for him and her, they are also used for the words boyfriend and girlfriend. So, if someone says 'I lived with her' and they are not referencing a specific woman they probably mean 'I lived with my girlfriend'.
   

Lesson 15 Vocabulary:

shizuka (na)
suteki (na)
genki (na)
kantan (na)
kirei (na)
hen (na)

kanojo
kare

 

quiet
cool/nice
healthy/energetic
easy/brief/simple
clean/pretty
strange

she/her/girlfriend
he/him/boyfriend

Nihon Review Quizzes? Just go to the "Nihon Review" Section.
Do you want to suggest a game, or do you have comments? We now have a forum.
Wondering who was making this site?
Just me: JCEE:]
-Nihon no Word(s) Of The Week-

Ooki - おーき or オーキ
Translation - Big

Chiisai - ちーさい or チーサイ
Translation - Small

=> Do you also want a homepage for free? Then click here! <=
Enjoy your stay at FavArcade!