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In this lesson, we will study Japanese numbers. Let's start with one through ten.

1 - 10

rei or zero
ichi 
ni 
san
shi or yon
go 
roku 
nana or shichi 
hachi 
kyuu or ku
juu

 

zero
one 
two 
three 
four
five
six
seven
eight
nine
ten


Note that several of the numbers have two pronunciations. Each pronunciation is used in specific situations. Sometimes either pronunciation is acceptable.

11 - 19

The numbers from 11 to 19 are formed by putting the appropriate number after ten. Thus 11 is juu + ichi = juuichi.

juu-ichi 
juu-ni
juu-san
juu-shi or juu-yon
juu-go 
juu-roku 
juu-nana or juu-shichi
juu-hachi 
juu-kyuu or juu-ku

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

20 - 90

The numbers from 20 to 90 are formed by putting the appropriate number before ten. Thus 20 is ni + juu = nijuu. Think of it like saying 'two tens.'

ni-juu 
san-juu 
yon-juu 
go-juu 
roku-juu 
nana-juu 
hachi-juu 
kyuu-juu
twenty
thirty
fourty (Not shi-juu)
fifty
sixty
seventy
eighty
ninety (Not ku-juu)


Other numbers can be formed in ways similar to the 1-19 and 20-90 ways. For example, 21 is formed by making twenty, then adding one. 21 = ni + juu + ichi = nijuuichi. Or, 'two tens and one' is twenty one.


Examples
:

san-juu-ni
roku-juu-nana
yon-juu-hachi
kyuu-juu-ku


 

32
67
48
99

100 - 900

One hundred is hyaku. The numbers from 200 to 900 are formed like the numbers from 20-90. Be careful as there are some exceptions in pronunciation.

nihyaku
sanbyaku
yonhyaku
gohyaku
roppyaku
nanahyaku
happyaku
kyuuhyaku

200
300 *
400
500
600 *
700
800 *
900

Note the exceptions in pronunciation for the numbers with asterisks.


Larger Numbers
:

sen 
man 
juu-man 
hyaku-man 
sen-man 
oku




thousand
ten thousand 
hundred thousand 
million 
ten million 
hundred million

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-Nihon no Word(s) Of The Week-

Ooki - おーき or オーキ
Translation - Big

Chiisai - ちーさい or チーサイ
Translation - Small

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